A barrique is a barrel or cask and the term “barrique” refers to a particular shape and size of a barrel. The barrique originated in Bordeaux. It traditionally holds 225 litres of wine and is the most common type of wine barrel. The size of the barrel is very important because it affects how much oak flavour it will give to the wine. The ratio of barrel surface to wine volume will be greater in small barrels. In Italy winemakers generally use barrique made from French oak.